APP-Net: Auxiliary-point-based Push and Pull Operations for Efficient Point Cloud Classification

model

摘要

Aggregating neighbor features is essential for point cloud classification. In the existing work, each point in the cloud may inevitably be selected as the neighbors of multiple aggregation centers, as all centers will gather neighbor features from the whole point cloud independently. Thus each point has to participate in the calculation repeatedly and generates redundant duplicates in the memory, leading to intensive computation costs and memory consumption. Meanwhile, to pursue higher accuracy, previous methods often rely on a complex local aggregator to extract fine geometric representation, which further slows down the classification pipeline. To address these issues, we propose a new local aggregator of linear complexity for point cloud classification, coined as APP. Specifically, we introduce an anchor to exchange features between the source point and the aggregating center. Each source point pushes its feature to only one auxiliary container, and each center point pulls features from only one auxiliary container. This avoids the recomputation issue of each source point. To facilitate the learning of the local structure of cloud point, we use an online normal estimation module to provide the explainable geometric information to enhance our APP modeling capability. Our built network is more efficient than all the previous baselines with a clear margin while still consuming a lower memory. Experiments on both synthetic and real datasets demonstrate that APP-Net reaches comparable accuracies to other networks. It can process more than 10,000 samples per second with less than 10GB of memory on a single GPU.

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